This week I listed a silk chiffon scarf and thought I’d see what I could find out about that delicate fabric Silk Chiffon. Chiffon is from the French word for a cloth or rag. A very light, diaphanous fabric, Chiffon is made with a loose, plain weave and tightly twisted single crêpe yarns in both warp and weft. Unlike in crêpe de Chine, the weft yarn is either S or Z twist. The characteristic wrinkles in the finished fabric are created by the weft yarns being pulled in one direction.
Chiffon is elegant and sheer, with a slightly rough feel to it. Sometimes called Crepe Chiffon, this fabric is highly suited for special occasion dresses, Scarves, nightgowns, and linings. Chiffon is softer and thinner than Georgette. [Georgette is made like chiffon, but with a two or three ply yarn.] Because of its slippery quality, chiffon is difficult to cut and sew.
It ravels easily so must be finished with french hems or rolled hems. A hand stitched rolled hem on a silk chiffon scarf is a mark of quality.